Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) is located in three counties in Mississippi and was created from lands obtained through the 1930s Resettlement Administration. This change has caused a return of bountiful wildlife populations and a progression toward the restoration of the pine and hardwood forest types that were devastated in the early 1900s.
The refuge provides needed habitat protection for the extremely valuable, rapidly disappearing bottomland hardwood forest communities. The endangered red-cockaded woodpecker relies on the refuge for its existence in east-central Mississippi. This population of woodpeckers is one of only four sites the species can be seen in the state. In addition, many neotropical migratory bird species greatly benefit from the variety of habitats the refuge provides.
The National Audubon Society has designated Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge as an Important Bird Area (IBA), one of five of global importance in Mississippi. So it was only natural to provide the Noxubee Wildlife Refuge with an Ornithologist Research Station and an observation tower for the public to observe and study the vast abundance of birds present at the refuge.
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